Analysis English Language Updated

Patterns of Allophony

By day, William S. Annis is a mild-mannered Unix system administrator. By night (and most weekends) he is, by turns, a not very mild-mannered banjo player, a hobbyist language creator, a paid language creator, a reader of science fiction novels and linguistics papers, a terrible gardener, and an ok cook. He is one of the hosts of the Conlangery Podcast. He lives in Madison, Wisconsin.


In this paper, William S. Annis illustrates the most common sound changes that occur with vowels, stops, fricatives and sonorants. This information is presented in graphical form, so readers can see what happens with each sound in a variety of circumstances. This paper should be useful to those evolving sound systems for naturalistic conlangs.

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